All Titles TV Episodes Celebs Companies Keywords Advanced Search. Sign In. Vanessa Williams. Biography Vanessa Lynn Williams was born in Millwood, New York, to Helen L. Tinch and Milton Augustine Williams, Jr. Vanessa and her brother grew up in suburban New York in comfortable surroundings.
Archived from the original on Foreign Policy Magazine. Retrieved Apr 2, - embracingmothers.com. The Diplomat. Retrieved April 0, Human Rights and discrimination. Retrieved Soldiers Told to Ignore Sexual Abuse of Boys by Afghan Allies". ISSN Washington Post. Retrieved 24 September The Week.
Retrieved 16 April European Interest. United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe UNRIC. Archived from the original on April 8, UN News. Retrieved March 12, The Huffington Post. Retrieved July Amnesty International UK AIUK. May 24, Archived from the original on September Retrieved January 10, RAWA NewsAugust 1, - embracingmothers.com.
troops to block sexual abuse on foreign soil". BBC World Service. March 2, Retrieved January 14, The New York TimesDecember 27, Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction. June Retrieved 20 July Borgen Magazine. Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 6 July Retrieved January 22, New York Theater. Broadway World. July 16, Ingay activist Harry Hay and several other men founded the Mattachine Societythe first enduring LGBT rights organization in the United States.
The Mattachine Society was involved in two landmark gay rights cases in the s. In the spring ofWilliam Dale Jenningsone of the cofounders of the Mattachine Society, was arrested in Los Angeles for allegedly soliciting a police officer in a bathroom in Westlake Park, now known as MacArthur Park.
His trial drew national attention to the Mattachine Society, and membership increased dramatically after Jennings contested the charges, resulting in a hung jury. Supreme Court ruled in favor of ONE, Inc. After a campaign of harassment from the U. Post Office Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigationthe Postmaster of Los Angeles declared the October, issue obscene and therefore unmailable under the Comstock laws.
The Supreme Court reversed the Postmaster's decision, marking the first time the Supreme Court had explicitly ruled on free press rights around homosexuality. The case is known as One, Inc. The Cooper Donuts Riot was a May incident in Los Angeles, in which gay men, lesbians, transgender women, and drag queens rioted, one of the first LGBT uprisings in the US.
However, because the psychiatric community regarded homosexuality as a mental illness during the s, gay people were considered susceptible to blackmail, thus constituting a security risk. government officials assumed that communists would blackmail gay employees of the federal government who would provide them classified information rather than risk exposure. Together, McCarthy and Cohn were responsible for the firing of scores of gay men from government employment, and strong-armed many opponents into silence using rumors of their homosexuality.
Notable gay writers of the s and s who explored male homosexuality in their work included James BaldwinJohn Rechy and Allen Ginsberg. Another 20th-century writer, Gore Vidalhad a lifelong male partner but preferred not to categorize himself as gay.
Vidal wrote about homosexuality in The City and the Pillar and transgenderism in Myra Breckinridge Mart Crowley 's play Boys in the Ban about a group of gay male friends, was produced inthen adapted into a groundbreaking film in As ofevery state had an anti-sodomy law.
Walfor which was denied certiorari by the Supreme Court. Another significant case came inwhen astronomer Frank Kameny protested his firing by the U. Civil Service Commission due to his homosexuality, arguing this case to the United States Supreme Court. In the case Scott v. Macyabout how Bruce Scott was denied a Defense Department job because of "immoral conduct", was decided.
The U. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit said the charge was too vague, thus granting the first major court victory for gay employment rights.
The case was argued by lawyer David Carliner December 17, and decided June 16, Inorganized by gay activist Randy Wickera small group picketed the Whitehall Street Induction Center after the confidentiality of gay men's draft records was violated.
This action has been identified as the first gay rights demonstration in the United States. Kameny and fellow gay activist Jack Nichols also laund some of the earliest public protests by gays and lesbians with a picket line at the White House on April 17, There were also several protests of legal restrictions on gay bars in the s.
Inthe Mattachine Society staged a "Sip-In" at Julius Bar in New York City challenging a New York State Liquor Authority prohibition on serving alcohol to gays. The bartender initially started preparing the men a drink but then put his hand over the glass, which was photographed.
The New York Times ran a headline the next day saying " Deviates Invite Exclusion by Bars". The Mattachines then challenged the liquor rule in court and the courts ruled that gays had a right to peacefully assemble, which undercut the previous state liquor authority contention that the presence of gay clientele automatically was grounds for charges of operating a "disorderly" premises. With this right a new era of licensed, legally operating gay bars began.
Julius Bar now holds a monthly party called Mattachine in remembrance of the protest.
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On January 1,there was a police raid on the Los Angeles gay bar Black Cat Tavern which led to months of protests and demonstrations. The Advocatewhich is still published, is the oldest and largest LGBT publication in the United States. Craig Rodwellwho had conceived of the Annual Reminder which was led by Frank Kameny and Barbara Gittings went on to begin the pro-gay group Homophile Youth Movement in Neighborhoods HYMN in He also published its periodical, HYMNAL.
On November 24,he founded the Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop in New York, the first bookstore devoted to gay and lesbian authors. Another important gay rights activist of the s was Troy Perry. Inafter a suicide attempt following a failed love affair and witnessing a close friend being arrested by the police at the Black Cat Tavern see belowPerry founded the Metropolitan Community Church. He put an advertisement in The Advocateannouncing a worship service designed for gays in Los Angeles.
Twelve people came to the first service on October 6,and "nine were my friends who came to console me and to laugh, and three came as a result of the ad. Inthe Metropolitan Community Church's own building was dedicated with over 1, members in attendance.
The modern LGBT civil rights movement began on Saturday, June 28, with the Stonewall Riotswhen police raided a New York gay bar called the Stonewall Inn and the patrons fought back. No dress or age regulations shall be made for this demonstration. We also propose that we contact Homophile organizations throughout the country and suggest that they hold parallel demonstrations on that day. We propose a nationwide show of support. All attendees to the ERCHO meeting in Philadelphia voted for the march except for Mattachine Society of New York City, which abstained.
Meetings to organize the march began in early January at Rodwell's apartment in Bleecker Street. Craig Rodwell and his partner Fred Sargeant, Michael BrownMarty NixonFoster Gunnison Jr. of Mattachine, and Ellen Broidy made up the core group of the CSLD Umbrella Committee CSLDUC.
For initial funding, Gunnison served as treasurer and sought donations from the national homophile organizations and sponsors, while Sargeant solicited donations via the Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop customer mailing list and Nixon worked to gain financial support from GLF in his position as treasurer for that organization. With Dick Leitsch 's replacement as president of Mattachine NY by " Michael Kotis " in April,opposition to the first gay pride march by Mattachine ended.
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Yet as the original marrs left Christopher Street to walk uptown, hundreds, and then thousands, of supporters joined in. The crowd mard from Greenwich Village into uptown Manhattan and Central Park, holding gay pride signs and banners, chanting "Say it clear, say it loud.
Gay is good, gay is proud. On the same weekend gay activist groups on the West Coast of the United States held a march in Los Angeles and a march and 'Gay-in' in San Francisco. One day earlier, on Saturday, 27 JuneChicago Gay Liberation organized a march from Washington Square Park "Bughouse Square" to the Water Tower at the intersection of Michigan and Chicago avenues,  which was the route originally planned, and then many of the participants extemporaneously mard on to the Civic Center now Richard J.
Daley Plaza. Subsequent Chicago parades have been held on the last Sunday of June, coinciding with the date of many similar parades elsewhere. The National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rightsa large political rally that took place in Washington, D.
occurred on October 14, The first such march on Washington, it drew aroun  gay men, lesbians, bisexual and transgender people and straight allies to demand equal civil rights and urge the passage of protective civil rights legislation. On May 18,two University of Minnesota gay student activists, Richard Baker and James Michael McConnellapplied for a marriage license in Minneapolis. The clerk of the Hennepin County District CourtGerald Nelson, denied the request on the sole ground that the two were of the same sex.
The couple filed suit in district court to force Nelson to issue the license. If the court were to construe the statutes to require different-sex couples, however, Baker claimed such a reading would violate several provisions of the U. Constitution: . The trial court dismissed the couple's claims and ordered the clerk not to issue the license.
NelsonMinn. Baker appealed, and on October 10,the United States Supreme Court dismissed the appeal "for want of a substantial federal question". Nelson as precedent though the extent of its precedential effect has been subject to debate.
The Rev. William R. Johnson was an important gay religious figure in the s. In the United Church of Christ ordained him at the Community United Church of Christ in San Carlos, California, making him the first openly gay person to be ordained as a minister in a mainline Protestant denomination.
The American Psychiatric Association held an annual meeting in titled "Psychiatry: Friend or Foe to Homosexuals? A Dialogue". Anonymous," a gay psychiatrist who appeared in disguise to conceal his identity. He was later revealed to be John E. The UpStairs Lounge arson attack took place on June 24, at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. The official cause is still listed as "undetermined origin".
The reaction by the city and media following the attack was indifferent. Those seeking burial services for the dead were turned away by many churs, and several families refused to come forward to claim victims' bodies out of shame.
While most news outlets ignored the story, mentions of the incident in editorials and talk radio made light of the tragedy, mocking the victims because of their sexual orientation. A significant action of the gay rights movement in the s was the creation of the Gay Pride flag by gay activist Gilbert Baker. Thirty volunteers had helped Baker hand-dye and stitch the first two flags for the parade.
First appearing around in San Francisco, visual codes signifying availability and preferences during cruising activities started to spread within the gay subculture in the s, expanding on the existing handkerchief code by assigning meanings to more colors beyond the traditional red and blue.
In Harvey Milk became the first openly gay man elected to public office in the United States, and the first openly gay or lesbian person to be elected to public office in California, when he won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Milk served almost 11 months in office and was responsible for passing a stringent gay rights ordinance for the city.
However, on November 27,Milk and Mayor George Moscone were assassinated by Dan Whitea fellow city supervisor. InStephen Lachs became the first openly gay judge appointed in the United States. John Ward founded GLAD in and filed its first case, Doe v. McNiffthat same year. GLAD is a non-profit legal rights organization in the United States.
The organization works to end discrimination based on sexual orientation, HIV status, and gender identity and expression. An early victory came in Fricke v.
Lynchin which GLAD represented Aaron Frickean year-old student at Cumberland High School in Rhode Island, who won the right to bring a same-sex date to a high school dance. GLAD is based in Boston, Massachusetts, and serves the New England area of the United States. Services it provides include litigation, advocacy, and educational work in all areas of LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender civil rights and the rights of people living with HIV.
The organization also operates a telephone hotline and website. The s were significant for the AIDS crisis, which hit the gay male community especially hard. At first the disease was unidentified. The founders were Nathan FainLarry KramerLawrence D. MassPaul PophamPaul Rapoport and Edmund White. At the time, it was the largest volunteer AIDS organization in the world. Paul Popham was elected as the first president. Randy Shiltswho later died of AIDS, was one of the foremost reporters of the AIDS epidemic.
In Cleve Jonesa gay activist and Harvey Milk 's former lover, conceived the idea of the AIDS Memorial Quilt at a candlelight memorial for Harvey Milk. In he created the first quilt panel in honor of his friend Marvin Feldman. Also incloseted gay actor Rock Hudson became the first major celebrity to die from an AIDS-related illness. InLarry Kramer founded AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power ACT UPan international direct action advocacy group working to impact the lives of people with AIDS PWAs and the AIDS pandemic to bring about legislation, medical research and treatment and policies to ultimately bring an end to the disease by mitigating loss of health and lives.
Kramer spoke out against the Gay Men's Health Crisis GMHC. According to Douglas CrimpKramer also posed a question to the audience: "Do we want to start a new organization devoted to political action?
Young Afghan girls who are gang-raped by warlords cry for justice
Approximately people met two days later to form ACT UP. In all, since its discovery in the early s, AIDS has caused nearly 0 million deaths as of AIDS is considered a pandemic -a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading.
non-governmental media monitoring organization which promotes the image of LGBT people in the media.
Male (/ ? m ?? l e? /, locally ; Dhivehi: ????) is the capital and most populous city in the Republic of embracingmothers.com a population of , and an area of square kilometres ( sq mi), it is also one of the most densely populated cities in the world. The city is geographically located at the southern edge of North Male Atoll (Kaafu Atoll) Nevertheless, there were some gay men who had an important impact on American history at this time, particularly literature. Walt Whitman, a prominent and influential American poet, is widely believed to have been gay or bisexual. In he published Calamus, a series of homoerotic poems, for which he was fired from his job at the Department of the Interior, though he quickly obtained a
Initial meetings were held in the homes of several New York City activists as well as after-hours at the New York State Council on the Arts. The founding group included film scholar Vito Russo ; Gregory Kolovakos, then on the staff of the NYS Arts Council and who later became the first executive director; Darryl Yates Rist; Allen Barnett ; and Jewelle Gomezthe organization's first treasurer.
Some members of GLAAD went on to become the early members of ACT UP. GLAAD's influence soon spread to Los Angeles, where organizers began working with the entertainment industry to change the way LGBT people were portrayed on screen. Entertainment Weekly has named GLAAD as one of Hollywood's most powerful entities, and the Los Angeles Times described GLAAD as "possibly one of the most successful organizations lobbying the media for inclusion".
The s were not all bleak. Openly gay men became more prominent in politics. The Socialist Party USA nominated an openly gay man, David McReynoldsas its and America's first openly gay presidential candidate in During the course of the House Ethics Committee's investigation, Studds publicly acknowledged his homosexuality, a disclosure that, according to a Washington Post article, "apparently was not news to many of his constituents".
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Studds stated in an address to the House, "It is not a simple task for any of us to meet adequately the obligations of either public or private life, let alone both, but these challenges are made substantially more complex when one is, as I am, both an elected public official and gay.
congressman to come out as gay of his own volition. Frank started coming out as gay to friends before he ran for Congress and came out publicly on May 0,"prompted in part by increased media interest in his private life" and the death of Stewart McKinney"a closeted bisexual Republican representative from Connecticut"; Frank told The Washington Post after McKinney's death there was "An unfortunate debate about 'Was he or wasn't he?
Didn't he or did he?
Find Sister-in-law Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Sister-in-law and see latest ates, news, information from embracingmothers.com Explore more on Sister-in-law Vanessa Lynn Williams was born in Millwood, New York, to Helen L. (Tinch) and Milton Augustine Williams, Jr., both music tears. Vanessa and her brother grew up in suburban New York in comfortable surroundings. Vanessa sang and danced in school productions and Bacha bazi (Persian: ?? ?, lit. "boy play"; from ?? bah, "boy", and bazi "play, game") is a slang term in some parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan for a custom created in Afghanistan involving child sexual abuse between older men and young adolescent males or boys, who are called dancing embracingmothers.com custom is connected to sexual slavery and child prostitution
An important legal victory came in with the case Braschi v. Stahl Associates Co. In this case it was ruled that a man's life partner was legally a family member as protected by rent control law. This case marked this first time an American appellate court in this case the New York Court of Appeals concluded that it was legally possible for a same-sex couple in this case two men, Miguel Braschi and Leslie Blanchard to constitute a family. On March 20,sixty LGBTQ people gathered at the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Community Services Center in New York's Greenwich Village to create a direct action organization.
The goal of the unnamed organization was the elimination of homophobia, and the increase of gay, lesbian and bisexual visibility through a variety of tactics.
Group's breakthrough was at New York's Gay Pride parade when militant AIDS activists passed out to the assembled crowd an inflammatory manifesto, bearing the titles I Hate Straights! and Queers Read This! Within days, in response to the brash, "in-your-face" tone of the broadside, Queer Nation chapters had sprung up in San Francisco and other major cities. The name Queer Nation had been used casually since the group's inception, until it was officially approved at the group's general meeting on May 17, There were several legal successes for gay men in the s.
Hawaii's denial of marriage licenses to same-sex couples was first challenged in state court in in Baehr v. Miike originally Baehr v. Lewin and the plaintiffs a gay male couple, Patrick Lagon and Joseph Melillo, as well as two lesbian couples, Ninia Baehr and Genora Dancel, and Antoinette Pregil and Tammy Rodrigues initially met with some success. But Hawaii voters modified the state constitution in to allow the legislature to restrict marriage to mixed-sex couples.
By the time the Supreme Court of Hawaii considered the final appeal in the case init upheld the state's ban on same-sex marriage, but same-sex marriage was legalized in Hawaii in In the " Don't Ask Don't Tell " policy was enacted, which mandated that the military could not ask servicemembers about their sexual orientation or go on "witch hunts" to find and expel homosexual service members.
Podlesnythe U. Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that school officials violated the rights of an openly gay teenager, Jamie Nabozny, when they allowed others to harass him for his sexual orientation. In domestic partnerships were legalized in California - the first state to do so, and therefore, the first state to legally recognize same-sex relationships.
There was also one prominent political success for gay men in the s. InPresident Bill Clinton considered James Hormel for the ambassadorship to Fiji, but did not put the nomination forward due to protests from Fiji officials. Instead Hormel was named as part of the United Nations delegation from the US to the Human Rights Commission inand in became an alternate for the United Nations General Assembly. The International Bear Brotherhood Flag was created in There is debate over its creator, but Craig Byrnes claims to have created it.
Bear is an affectionate gay slang term for those in the bear communities, a subculture in the gay male community with its own events, codes, and culture-specific identity. Civil unions and same-sex marriages first became legally recognized in the United States in this decade.
InVermont became the first state to recognize civil unions. Ina lawsuit brought by Derek R. Perhaps the most important court case ever for gay men was 's Lawrence vs Texas U. Supreme Court struck down the sodomy law in Texas and, by extension, invalidated sodomy laws in thirteen other statesmaking same-sex sexual activity legal in every U.
state and territory. The court thus overturned its previous ruling on the same issue in the case Bowers v.
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Hardwickwhere it had upheld a challenged Georgia statute and did not find a constitutional protection of sexual privacy. In San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom allowed city hall to grant marriage licenses to same-sex couples. The Chairwoman of the Board of Commissioners ordered the clerk to begin issuing marriage licenses. Same-sex marriage was legalized in Connecticut in Another important victory for gay men came when indue to the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act being signed into law, the definition of federal hate crime was expanded to include those violent crimes in which the victim is selected due to their sexual orientation; previously federal hate crimes were defined as only those violent crimes where the victim is selected due to their race, color, religion, or national origin.
As increasing numbers of students from the subcontinent arrived in the U. and UK, their countries of origin were colloquially referred to as des. For example, all things Indian including Indian expatriates were referred to as "desi". In the U. In the UK, desi communities have continued the fusion culture which first emerged during the rule of the British Raj, influencing music, art, fashion and food. There are now dedicated radio stations catering to British-South Asians such as the BBC Asian Network.
In Canada, desis have established sizable ethnic enclaves in areas such as BramptonOntario and Surrey, British Columbia. The Natya Shastra refers to the regional varieties of folk dance and music elements as desiand states that these are meant as pure entertainment for common people, while the pan-Indian margi elements are to spiritually enlighten the audience. The medieval developments of the classical Indian dance and music led to the introduction of desi gharanas, in addition to the classical gharanas codified in Natya Shastra.
The desi gharanas further developed into the present-day adavus. There is raga in Indian classical music known as desi. In regions of South Asia, desi in the context of food, implies "native" or "traditional". Common examples are "desi ghee", which is the traditional clarified butter used in South Asia as opposed to more processed fats such as vegetable oils. This word is also usually restricted to Sanskrit-derived Indo-Aryan languages.
Heritage varieties of vegetables and other produce can also be qualified as "desi". Desi daru refers to "country liquor", such as fennytoddy and arrack.
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It is differentiated from Indian-made foreign liquor such as Indian-made whiskyrumor vodka. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Desi (/ ? d e? s i, ? d ? s i /; Hindustani:) are the people, cultures, and products of the Indian subcontinent and their diaspora, derived from Sanskrit ??? (desa), meaning "land, country". Although "desi" is sometimes viewed as a loose term, and countries that are considered "desi" are subjective, it is accepted that Desi traces its origin specifically to the Hindi speaking With the looming withdrawal of NATO troops and a persistent insurgent threat, Afghanistan is in a precarious position. Innumerable tragedies have beleaguered rural Afghans throughout the past Index filme anul , cu litera "H": H.C. Andersen - historien om en digter, H.C. Andersens eventyrlige verden: Den grimme ?lling, H.C. Andersens eventyrlige verden
People, cultures, and products of the Indian subcontinent and their diaspora. For other uses, see Desi disambiguation.