We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. A yeast infection develops when Candida fungi, which is a type of yeast, grow uncontrollably on the surface of the skin or in mucous membranes inside the body. People can develop yeast infections anywhere inside or outside of their body, including the mouth, throat, vagina, penis, or anus. An anal yeast infection often causes intense and persistent anal itching , also called pruritus ani. People can treat anal yeast infections with over-the-counter OTC antifungals or prescription medication.
Primary idiopathic pruritus ani -This condition has no identifiable underlying cause.
This is the most common type of pruritus ani. Secondary pruritus ani -This condition may be due to many different underlying causes.
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They may include infections, contact dermatitis or other dermatological conditions, systemic diseases, and other factors. How common is pruritus ani?
Symptoms and Causes What can cause dryness and irritation in the anal area? What causes pruritus ani anal itching?
Other causes of pruritus ani include: Infections: Some types of bacteria, fungi yeastor parasites can cause itching. Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes types of bacteriaCandida albicans a yeastpinworms mainly in childrenand Sarcoptes scabiei scabies mites are some organisms that result in itching and irritation.
Dermatological conditions: Psoriasis, contact dermatitis inflammation due to allergens or other irritantsor atopic dermatitis a chronic condition found in patients with allergies may cause a rash in the perianal region. Colorectal and anal disorders : Rectal prolapseinternal or external hemorrhoidsanal fissures ulcersor fistulas abnormal tube-like passages are associated with pruritus ani.
Residual amounts of feces may be difficult to remove with large external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids may cause bleeding, fecal soiling, or drainage. Systemic or topical medications : Use of drugs such as quinine, colchicine, and mineral oil has been linked to pruritus ani. Fecal or urinary incontinence : Children and the elderly are more likely to experience incontinence of the bowel or bladder.
Diagnosis and Tests How is pruritus ani anal itching diagnosed?
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Management and Treatment How is pruritus ani anal itching treated? The cream or ointment may be applied two or three times to the affected area each day. Topical capsaicin has been studied as an alternative to steroids for patients with chronic pruritus ani. Oral medications: Antibiotic or antifungal medications may be prescribed if an infection is present.
Methylene blue injection anal tattooing : This technique may be used to treat more advanced cases that do not respond to topical medications. Methylene blue a dye is injected under the skin in the perianal region.
It is thought that the methylene blue relieves pain and itching by deadening the nerve endings where the dye is injected. What are some tips for self-care?
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Resist the urge to scratch. The itching might seem worse at night, so people might unconsciously scratch the anal area with their fingernails during sleep.
Wear clean, soft cotton gloves at bedtime to prevent irritation and infection. Keep the perianal area clean and dry. Use clear water instead of soap or moistened toilet paper to clean the perianal region after a bowel movement.
A shower head or bidet may be used to gently clean the perianal area. Use a hair dryer on a low setting to dry the area. If using toilet paper or a towel, gently pat or blot the area until it is dry.
Apply a small amount of cornstarch or piece of cotton to the area to keep it dry during the day. A small cotton gauze pad can be used instead. Do not use soap when cleansing the anal area or scrub vigorously with toilet paper or a washcloth. Avoid using perfumed creams, lotions, bubble baths, powders, or other products that may cause irritation to the area. Eat foods high in fiber. A healthy diet can help prevent diarrhea or constipation and ensure regular bowel movements.
Avoid any foods that might promote itching, such spicy or acidic foods or caffeinated beverages. Avoid wearing tight or constricting underwear. An anal yeast infection often causes intense and persistent anal itchingalso called pruritus ani.
People can treat anal yeast infections with over-the-counter OTC antifungals or prescription medication.
Mar 07, Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted virus that can cause rash-like symptoms on your buttocks, anus, or thighs. Herpes can be transmitted through any type of sexual contact, including pruritus ani is a dermatological condition characterized by itching in the anal area. The itching may become worse at night or after a bowel movement. Scratching the area results in further irritation and makes the itching worse instead of relieving it. Scratching with
Keep reading to learn more about the symptoms, causes, treatments, and risk factors associated with anal yeast infections. An anal yeast infection occurs when an overgrowth of Candida fungi develops in the anus.
The Candida bacteria responsible for yeast infections live on the surface of the skin, inside the gastrointestinal tract, and in the vagina. However, an overgrowth of Candida can lead to yeast infections on the skin or inside the mucous membranes of the:.
Candida thrive in warm, moist environments.
Wearing tight or restrictive clothing can create conditions that encourage the growth of Candida fungi. Excess Candida in the intestines can travel to the anal canal, which may result in an anal yeast infection. Although yeast infections can affect the genitals, doctors do not consider them to be sexually transmitted diseases.
However, people can develop or transmit an anal yeast infection if they have anal sex with a partner who has an anal yeast infection without using a condom or another barrier contraceptive.
The National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD states that yeast infections are rarely severe in healthy people. Although many OTC yeast infection medications specifically target vaginal infections, people can safely use them to treat anal yeast infections as well. A doctor may prescribe stronger treatments for people who have severe or chronic yeast infections that do not respond to regular medications.
Although rare, a yeast infection can progress into a systemic infection that spreads to the membranes surrounding organs, such as the heart or the brain. Doctors can treat systemic candidiasis with oral or intravenous IV antifungal medications.
According to one laboratory studyresearrs found that a combination probiotic containing Saccharomyces boulardiiLactobacillus acidophilusand others effectively inhibited the growth of Candida tropicalis and Candida albicanswhich is the most common cause of yeast infections.
Despite impressive results from test tube studies, few high quality clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of probiotics for treating yeast infections exist. Another study of ten randomized control trials found evidence that suggests probiotics may increase the effectiveness of traditional antifungal treatments. The authors of the review also cited evidence that probiotic supplementation may decrease the frequency of recurring infections.
There are a selection of probiotics available for purchase online.
Coconut oil possesses powerful antimicrobial properties that may help combat Candida overgrowth. Current research findings suggest the medium-chain fatty acids, specifically lauric acid, are responsible for the antimicrobial effects of coconut oil.
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Medium-chain fatty acids can kill bacteria and fungi by disrupting their cellular membranes. In one laboratory studyresearrs observed coconut oil prevented the growth of Candida ablicans more effectively than some probiotics.
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However, coconut oil showed weaker antifungal effects when compared with popular OTC treatments, such as ketoconazole and chlorhexidine. However, more research is necessary to confirm these findings. The authors of another study found that rats who ate diets high in coconut oil had reduced quantities of intestinal Candida ablicans when compared to rats fed beef fat and soybean oil.
Nov 07, An anal yeast infection often causes intense and persistent anal itching, also called pruritus ani. People can treat anal yeast infections with over-the Mar 04, An anal or bowel infection may cause your bowel to swell and itch. Skin conditions: Anal itching may occur if you do not clean your anal area properly. Skin allergies can cause anal itching. An autoimmune skin disorder can make your body's immune system attack its own cells Jul 11, An anal abscess is a painful condition in which a collection of pus develops near the anus. Most anal abscesses are a result of infection from
There are a selection of coconut oils available for purchase online. People can treat mild yeast infections at home with OTC antifungal medications.
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People can also use corticosteroid ointments, such as cortisone, to reduce inflammation and itching. Keeping the genital area clean and dry may help speed up the healing process and help prevent reinfection.
Read more about home remedies for yeast infection. People may want to contact a healthcare provider if they have symptoms of an anal yeast infection that last for several weeks. People who do receive treatment recommendations from a healthcare provide, but do not experience noticeable improvements within weeks should contact their doctor.
Anal yeast infections can cause uncomfortable itching but rarely indicate a medical emergency. Doctors can prescribe antifungals that will prevent the fungus from growing.